2019 was the fifth year in which spending by other NATO members that the United States increased. Central and Eastern European countries as well as Turkey saw the largest increases. In August 1995, after the Srebrenica genocide, a two-week NATO bombing campaign, Operation Deliberate Force, began against the Republika Srpska army.  New NATO airstrikes helped end the Yugoslav wars, leading to the Dayton Accords in November 1995.  As part of this agreement, NATO sent a UN-mandated peacekeeping force as part of Operation Joint Endeavor, known as IFOR. Nearly 60,000 NATO forces have joined troops from non-NATO countries in this peacekeeping operation. It joined the smallest SFOR, which began with 32,000 troops and took place from December 1996 to December 2004, when operations were then transferred to the US Althea force.  After the leadership of its member countries, NATO began awarding a service medal for these operations, the NATO Medal.  At the last NATO summit in July 2018, differences over defence spending dominated the discussions. President Trump has criticized Germany for not spending enough and even threatened to withdraw from the Alliance if countries fail to meet NATO`s target of spending 2% of their GDP on defense. According to NATO estimates, the United States spent about 3.4% on defence in 2019, compared to the average of NATO and Canada`s European countries was 1.55%. “For the period 2021-2024, the share of costs attributed to most European allies and Canada will increase, while the U.S. share will decline,” says NATO`s 2019 Annual Report.
Other European members spent between 1% and 1.99% in 2019, with France spending 1.84% and Germany spending 1.38% of GDP. The financial management system for the PIN is based on an international financial settlement process. Host countries report on planned expenditures under their responsibility for approved projects. After approval of the forecasts by the investment committee, the international staff calculates the amounts to be paid by each country and to receive from each host country. Other calculations would determine the amounts of payments, currencies and the country or NATO agency that will receive the funds. The civil budget provides appropriations for personnel, operating costs and programme expenses at NATO headquarters in Brussels. The 2019 civilian budget is 1.9% higher than in 2018 and includes funds for the implementation of the FUNCTIONAL review of NATO Headquarters. These include measures to strengthen NATO`s intelligence capabilities; Anticipating and planning cyber and hybrid challenges; Improve the way the alliance treats data as a strategic asset Strengthen defence cooperation with partners; and to reinforce the focus on the “Women, Peace and Security” agenda.
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