As such, urban diplomacy involves a type of international relations that operate alongside the conventional system with embassies, ambassadors, and treaties negotiated at the nation-state level. According to Rodrigo Tavares, the first formal attempts to establish the city`s diplomacy beyond national borders took place in the 19th century. Only a handful of cities were involved in the efforts of the 19th century; It was only at the turn of the millennium that it became much more common.  The first priority of those engaged in urban diplomacy generally overlaps with the fundamental objectives of municipal administration – to improve the lives of local residents. Nevertheless, they will often work with colleagues from other cities to work on issues of global importance, such as the efforts of . B to combat climate change.   Elsewhere, Toledo, Ohio, became the first American sister city to team up with its Spanish namesake in 1931. Vancouver, Canada followed suit and joined Odessa, Ukraine. Since the first twinning with Odessa, Vancouver has also merged with Yokohama (Japan), Edinburgh (Scotland), Guangzhou (China) and Los Angeles (USA). America, South Asia and Australasia use the term “twin cities” or “twin cities”. In China, the term is 友好城市 (yǒuhǎo chéngshì – friendly cities).  Sometimes other government agencies enter into a partnership relationship, such as the agreement between Hainan provinces in China and Jeju-do in South Korea. The douzelage is a twinning of towns with a city in each of the Member States of the European Union.
  Becoming a twin city is a contemporary process that involves building trust and establishing a strong relationship with the desired partner city. These partnerships can be developed in several ways, such as: town twinning can also be established by independent or government-backed organisations that work to support cultural, educational and governmental links between countries. True Education Partnerships (TEP) is one such organization that works to establish and support partner cities through bilateral partnerships with sister schools. .
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